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13/F, Zhongliang Mansion, No. 440, Zhongshan (S.2), Shanghai City, China
86-21-64031528
Beddings, Carpets, Craft products
Anhui Huaheng Chemical Co., Ltd.
Manufacturer, Trading Company
18/F, Zhongzhou Century Plaza, Fengyang Road, Hefei City, Anhui Province. China
86-551-4240033
Amino acids, L-alanine, Dl-alanine, L-aspartic aicd, Dl-aspartic acid, Monosodium l-aspartate, L-glumatic acid, Xylitol, Soda ash, Caustic soda, Citric aicd, Monosodium glumate, Oxalic acid
Datai Group Limited.
Trading Company
9E, Lancun Bulding 1381, Dongfang Road, Pudong District, Shanghai City. China
86-21-58390208 58815572 50897442
Inorganic Chemicals, Activated carbon, Phosphate salts and potassium sulphate
Xihe Village, Tianhuangping Town, Anji County, Zhejiang Province. China
86-572-5209482
Bamboo carbon
3/F, 49 Guoqing Road, Taixing City, Jiangsu Province. China
86-523-7633042
Charcoal, Bamboo charcoal, Bulk bags and wood hangers

Creating Superior Activated Carbon That Solves Common Challenges Faced By Active Packaging.

(collapsable)→
Thu, 25 Nov 2021 04:51:00

Activated carbon, known more commonly as charcoal, is widely used throughout the pharmaceutical industry as an adsorbent for removing pollutants, odour and noxious gasses from packaged products. This is due to its amorphous, highly porous structure, which provides a large surface area for adsorption of gases and volatile organic molecules.

But, equally importantly, manufacturers and distributors choose activated charcoal for their packaging as it is especially effective in combination with other substances, such as desiccants for the control of both moisture and odour.

The manufacturing process of activated carbon

Activated carbon can be manufactured from many materials including coconut shells, peat, wood, coal and fruit stones. However, all of these materials result in varying degrees of pore size and distribution during activation. At Cilicant, we have found that coconut shell produces a very pure and efficient form of activated carbon that tends to be denser with a greater number of micro-pores. Furthermore, by using coconut shell in the production process, at Cilicant, we’ve been able to create pouches that are non-dusting. This attention to quality means we are able to offer a superior product that safeguards formulators and manufacturers from customer complaints arising from dusting issues. In addition to this, coconut shells are a very sustainable and renewable resource.

The first step of the manufacturing process involves thermal decomposition of the raw material, producing a carbonaceous mass full of tiny pores. In the second stage, this base material is ‘activated’ in steam-heated to up to 1,100 degrees Celsius.

Cilicant activated carbon has a lattice structure with a network of micro-pores, creating a large surface area for adsorption. Volatile gases and odours are attracted to this structure by physical adsorption and held to the surface until equilibrium is reached between adsorbed molecules and those still freely distributed carrying moisture or gas. Chemisorption also occurs when new chemical bonds are formed between the adsorbates and the surface of the activated carbon.

Properties that make activated carbon ideal for active packaging

Large surface area – The layered structure of activated carbon produces a surface area in the range of 200 to 2,000 m2/gm - just a spoonful would be equivalent to the entire surface area of a football field, meaning small amounts are effective in active packaging.

Thermal/PH properties – Activated carbon is stable over a wide range of PHs and temperatures. It performs equally well when used with acidic, or alkaline substances, making it highly resilient and reliable. Steam activated carbon remains stable well above its activation temperature.

Inert – Being inert in nature, activated carbon does not result in the decomposition of active ingredients. This greatly reduces the risk of undesirable reactions between the sorbent and the product, so drug efficacy remains high.

Hydrophobicity - Activated carbon is non-polar and hydrophobic, so is particularly effective in packaging where free moisture may limit the adsorption capacity of other sorbents. This means it can be safely combined with other desiccants for enhanced effectiveness and use in specific applications.

With a yield in the range of 95-98%, activated carbon, by nature, is an excellent adsorbent. In practice, the actual yield may depend on factors, such as the raw material, activation process and concentration of adsorbates.

Activated carbon in real-life applications

The excellent properties of activated carbon in tackling odour issues is highlighted in these examples of how it has been used to solve real-life pharmaceutical packaging challenges:

Metformin – This diabetic drug is well-known for an unpleasant odour, so unpleasant that some patients don’t adhere to the correct dosage routine. While extended versions of the drug have resulted in lower levels of odour, activated carbon in packaging can prevent excess build-up of odour before opening.

Formaldehyde/formic acid-induced degradation – Reactions in excipients containing formaldehyde and formic acid can lead to drug degradation. Studies have shown that activated carbon can attenuate this degradation and also address stability issues due to gelatine cross-linking.

Combining activated carbon with other active packaging materials

Since activated carbon is safe to combine with other desiccants and gas absorbers, the formulation of active packaging can be modified for greater effectiveness in certain applications. Here are just some of the combinations used:

Silica gel – As a micro-porous form of silicon dioxide, silica gel has been used effectively in moisture control for many years. While activated carbon is non-polar, silica gel possesses hydroxyl groups for the adsorption of free moisture. The non-toxic properties of both make this a good combination for nutraceuticals.

Bentonite clay – This calcium-rich and cost-effective montmorillonite desiccant possess a layered structure offering a large surface area for water adsorption on both its outer and inner surfaces. Naturally occurring and non-toxic, bentonite clay is ideal for use in pharmaceutical products. As activated carbon has poor desiccant properties, combining with bentonite clay delivers effectiveness in both moisture and odour control.

Oxygen absorber – As the name suggests, these substances reduce the amount of free oxygen in packaged products. While not classed as desiccants, oxygen absorbers can protect from oxidative degradation using iron which reacts with free oxygen to produce rust. In combination with activated carbon, this is particularly useful for eliminating odour, volatile gases and oxygen in packaging.

Molecular sieve – This synthetic zeolite sorbent is used to control odour and gas in pharmaceuticals/nutraceuticals. Like activated carbon, it has a high affinity for hydrocarbons and organics. Unlike non-polar activated carbon, molecular sieve has aggressive moisture control properties that make it a good choice for holistic moisture and odour control. On the downside, it isn’t suitable for applications requiring subtle control of moisture.

Clearly, on its own, activated carbon is an excellent choice for the control of odour and gases in active packaging. But, when combined with other active packaging materials, it becomes a truly effective and versatile solution for the active packaging industry, ensuring products reach the end-user with minimal loss of quality and efficacy.

For the best activated carbon solution for your active packaging needs, get in touch with our technical sales representative now!

 

Moneycontrol journalists were not involved in the creation of the article

Alpha International Enterprises LLc
LLC (Ltd Liability Corp)
1752 Clear Lake Ave, Milpitas, California, United States
1-408-262-7550
White Rice, Natural Rubber, Coffee, Desiccated Coconut, Activated Carbon
1124 Tabuan Heights Phase Iii, Jalan Song,, ; Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
60 82 363895
proxy mas
Association
Pattimura 212, Pontianak, Daerah Tingkat I Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia
62-561-0000
Active Carbon, Coconut, Vco
Akram Trading
Trading Company
Janaklis, Alexandria, Egypt
20-3-5041165
Charcoal
366 Luzhong East Street, Shandong, China, ; Yantai City, Shandong, Shandong, China (Mainland)
86 634 8810686
Red star apple, Fuji apple, Garlic, Ginger
CV. Abadi Charcoal
Trading Company
Jl. Darmawangsa 33 Rt/Rw : 3/2 Kasri Pandaan - Asuruan, Pandaan, Propinsi Jawa Timur, Indonesia
62-0343-631328
Coconut, Charcoal, Active carbon
FRANCISCO A. NORIEGA A., LLC
Partnership
Ave. Jose De Fabrega# 15, Apdo. 0819-05230, Panama, Panama
507-6614-7607
Fresh Valencia Oranges, Fresh Lemons, Fresh Pineapple
MACORE
Distributor/Wholesaler
Brusselas #880 Col. Sanisidro, Torreon, Mexico
52-0181-173164
Charcoal
Coconut Importers
Manufacturer
Avenida Revolucion #32, ; Mexico City, Mexico, Mexico
52 55 788835
Fresh coconut, Dry coconut, Activated charcoal, And grated coconut
Amssan International
Trading Company
114, South Chitra Street, Srirangam, ; Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India
91 431 2431070
Rubber raw materials, Waste scrap, Agro chemicals
No. 1b-45, Gf, Jalan Kesidang 3 / 11, Melaka Mall, , Off Jalan Tun Perak, 75300 Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia
60-06-3344397
Activated Carbon, Activated Carbonized Tropical Fruits
Foremost International Inc.
Trading Company
# 201, 193-2, Bangei-Dong, Songpa-Ku, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
82-19-2241348
Charcoal, Chair
Embassy Corporation
Trading Company
8056 South Harper, ; Chicago, Illinois, United States
1 773 768-5892
Charcoal, Coal
Medan Carbon Industry
Manufacturer
Rotan 17c, ; Medan, Propinsi Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
62 61 4560645
Charcoal, Activated carbon
Yocywa Shells Import & Export
Manufacturer
911 Gerardo Ouano St. Opao,, Opao, Mandaue City, Cebu City, Philippines
63-32-4203481
Raw Shell, Coconut Charcoal Raw, Coconut Fiber Raw
51, Changjiang Road, Harbin, ; Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (Mainland)
86 451 84344722
Foodstuff, Pharmaceuticals, Plant extract, Chemicals
Pms Impex
Agent
404 SECTOR 29, ARUN VIHAR, NOIDA, INDIA, ; NOIDA, Delhi, India
91 11 84453042/84455456/84455443
Purnomo Indonesia, Cv
Manufacturer
Perumahan Raja Basa Indah Block M 13-14, ; Bandar Lampung, Propinsi Lampung, Indonesia
62 721 342351
Coconut shell charcoal, Agriculture products, Chemicals
Ramkhamhaeng, ; Wangthonglang, Bangkok, Thailand
66 2934 1826-9
Chemicals, Activated Carbon, Food Additives
17/15 Ramkhamhaeng,174 Ramkhamhaeng Rd, Minburi, Bangkok, Thailand
66-2916-5232
Coconut charcoal charcoal, Spa products
Atashkadeh Charcoal Co.
Manufacturer
no.4 Vahid St,, ; Isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
98 311 7774377
Charcoal, Activated carbon
16-1b Jalan Up 1/1, Ukay Perdana, ; Ampang, Selangor, Malaysia
60 16 9070491
Charcoal
Voltex Chemicals
Trading Company
301, Hari Kripa Chs, L. T. Road, Borivali (w),, Mumbai , Maharashtra, India
91-22-28621870
Activated carbon, Cotton seed meal, Silica gel
BORNNET CORP CO LTD
Manufacturer
272 / 2 Soi Ladprao 122, Ramkamheang Road. , Bangkok, Wangthonglang, Thailand
66-2-9341826-9
Food additives, Shrimp feed, Water treatment, Chemcials manufacturer, Shrimp farming, Activated Carbon, Sorbital, Citric Acid, Non Phosphate, Aquatic product, Povidone Iodine
No. 4, Jalan Apollo U5 / 189, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
60-3-78452055
Wood Preservative
Aztbelgium
Manufacturer
Noenstraat 40a, B-9308 Aalst, Ovl, Belgium
0032-53-211008
Ajita Corporation
Trading Company
304 akash complex,govt.society,nr.navrangpura municipal market,c.g.road,, ; ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
91 79 2656 9423
Activated carbon, Textile sizing chemicals, Reactive blue hegn dyes, Acid dyes
PDK Indenting
Agent
57 / 1, Kotuwegoda, Rajagiriya, Sri Lanka., Colombo, Western, Sri Lanka
94-777-468094
52 Oxbone Street, London, United Kingdom
44-702-407 0423
Carbon, Bio-technology, Agrochemicals
NUSAGRI
Manufacturer
Jl. Bukit Asam No.29 Laladon, ; Bogor, Propinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia
62 251 420416
Activated Carbon, Dolomite Powder
Nangjing Road No.305,, ; Tianjin, Hebei, China (Mainland)
86 22 28015600
Banyumas Raya
Manufacturer
P.O. Box 277, ; Purwokerto, Propinsi Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
62 287 71640
Activated Charcoal bamboo charcoal, Coconut shell charcoal, And saw dust charcoal) and Clays
Room 1502, Building 39, Jiangbin Xincun, Sanming, Fujian Province. China
86-598-8216386, 86-591-22290316
Bamboo products, Canned foods, Dehydrated goods, Activated carbon, Granite products, Dried noodles, Beverages and other agriculture products
CV. INSAN MADANI
Manufacturer
Jl. Gambir Anom No. 4, Bandung, Propinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia
62-022-2511327
Coconut Charcoal, Activated Carbon, Briquette, Copra
CV. Jatimulya
Individual (Sole proprietorship)
Raya Bogor No. 3, Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-021-80880571
Charcoal, Activated Carbon
No.27, west third section of first round road, Chengdu
86-28-68553821
Ultrapure water purifier for laboratory, Water treatment plant, Reverse osmosis system, Water treatment chemical
Nantong Sky-Land Industrial Trade Co., Ltd.
Manufacturer, Trading Company
2/f, Qingle Yuan, No.108 West Qingnian Road, Nantong City, Jiangsu Province. China
86-513-83532150 , 83520560
Molecular sieves type A, Molecular sieves type X, Desiccants, Molecular Sieve for automobile air dedicator, Molecular Sieve for insulating glass 3A, Molecular Sieve for insulating glass 4A, PSA Molecular Sieve for extracting hydrogen, PSA VSA rich oxygen molecular sieve, Molecular Sieve for deodorization of aerosol, Activated Alumina, ZSM-5, Na-Y, Ca-Y, NH4-Y, Catalyst
Titan Commerce
Trading Company
16 Jalan Pelangi, Off Jalan Batu Tiga Lama,, ; Klang, Selangor D. E, Malaysia
6 03 33435719
Peugeot 405sr ckd
shreyas enterprises
Manufacturer
477, Third Main, T. K. Layout,4th Stage, Mysore , Karnataka, India
91-0821-2343457
Activated carbon, Agriculture products processing, Plant extract
CV.Karya Mandiri
Trading Company
Jl. Kesatrian, Gading Kirana B-8, Buduran, Sidoarjo, Propinsi Jawa Timur, Indonesia
62-031-8066200
Patchouli oil, Water treatment, General trading
DR Impex
Trading Company
64/3, Shankar Mutt Road, Basavanagudi,, ; Bangalore, Karnataka, India
91 80 26609090
Hexane, Activated carbon, Charcoal from coconut shell, Caustic soda, Caustic potash, Aloe vera, Sodium mono chloro acetate, Mono chloro acetic acid, Citric acid, Steric acid, Potassium carbonate, Cmc
30-c, Giri Road, Srinivasapuram, ; Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
91 4362 223656
Coconut shell charcoal, Wood Vinegar, Acetic Acid
Hoong Cheong
Manufacturer
38 Dublin Road, ; Singapore
65 67375194
Boncaki Nig Ltd
Corporation/Limited Liability Company
24 Shasha Road, Akowonjo, Lagos, Nigeria
234-01-7762429
Charcoal, Chilly Pepper, Exporters Of Agro Allied Goods, Shea Buuter Supply, Cassava Products Supply
PT. General Carbon Industry
Corporation/Limited Liability Company
Jl. Brigjen Katamso Km. 7, Batam, Riau, Indonesia
62-778-393 663
Coconut Shell Briquette Charcoal, Activated Charcoal
Pallas, Tembilahan, Riau, Indonesia
62-811-757398
Coconut Charcoal, Palm Shells
PAF TRADING
Trading Company
# 3 Press Drive, Alabang, Muntinlupa, Philippines
63-02-54011272
Live Mud Crab, Dried Sea Cucumber, Charcoal, Wood, Activated Carbon, Pet
Segfield International Limited
Corporation/Limited Liability Company
Cre Building, 303 Hennessy Road, , Hong Kong
852-8171-0223
Charcoal, Energy, Activated Carbon, Machinery
Masima Bldg. 3rd Fl. Jl. Melawai Raya No.111 Jakarta Selatan Indonesia, ; Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62 21 7236483
24A, Jalan Mega Mendung, Kompleks Bandar Park, ; KualaLumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
60 3 79807009
Sawdust charcoal and palm shell charcoal
Lot 149675, Igb International Industrial Park,, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
60-3-79540211
forttraders india
Manufacturer
No. 19, Ganapathy Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
91-44-42633220
Coconut Shell Charcoal, Welding Wire
exportsvsg
Manufacturer
108 High School Road, Pattukkottai, Tamil Nadu, India
91-04373-255108
Coconut Charcoal, Rice, Coir
NewEst Company
Manufacturer
Promzone 10 / 2, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
7-383-2914375
Hardwood Charcoal, Activated Charcoal
Pt. Cavron Global
Manufacturer
30 / F, Menara Kadin Indonesia. Jl. H. R. Rasuna Said Block X-5 Kav. 2-3, Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-21-52891838
Coconut Shell Charcoal
Haycarb PLC
Manufacturer
No. 400, Deans Road, Colombo 10, Western, Sri Lanka
94-11-2687565
Activated Carbon, Activated Charcoal, Purification
Huabu Town, Kaihua County, ; Quzhou, Zhejiang, China (Mainland)
+86 570 6031008
Metal electronic lighter and smoking accessories, Activated carbon, Electrical appliance, Melamine tableware
Anubhav Carbons
Manufacturer
Una Road, Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India
91-98-71219413
PHUONG DONG CONTRA CO.,LTD
No. 9, 62 / 12 Alley, Nguyen Viet Xuan Street, Khuong Mai Ward, Thanh Xuan Dist,, Hanoi, Vietnam
84-4565-1246
abdulmohsen al_shaikh trading
Trading Company
Oliya, Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
966-5-05215441
Charcoal, Flame Torch
Lot 3, Jalan 203, ; Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
60 16 3112721
Manufacturing Aerosol Cans, Food Grade Tin Cans, Non-Food Grade Tin Cans
Lot 19345 & 19346 Taman Perindustrian Selayang. Batu 8 1 / 2 Jalan Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur, Batu Cave, Malaysia
60-03-61388888
Activated Carbon, LED Lightings, Diamond Precision Tools
Alterna Energy
Po Box 95617, ; Grant Park, Gtg, South Africa
27 11 788-7040
Industrofield Export Trading
Trading Company
Sobrecary Cor. , Vinzon St. , Bo. Obrero, Davao City, Davao City, Davao, Philippines
63-82-2278238
Granular Activated Carbon Coconut Shell Based), Charcoal
chad lourence trading
Trading Company
Stall No. 45, Bldg. 7 Public Market, Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, Philippines
63-048-4349588
Rice, Coconut Charcoal, Corn
Mesup Ltda
Calle 74 15-15, ; Bogota, Colombia
57 1 2710708
Aliminium and iron scrap
282 Moo 4 Udon-Khonkaen Rd. Banchan, Muang, Udon Thani, Thailand
66-9-1554335
Charcoal, Coal
Tiga Gateway Services
Trading Company
1, Amber Road# 11-02, Singapore
65-6-2971084
Coconut Shell Charcoal, Nutmegs, Activated Carbon
efeoglu
Agent
Ugurmumcu Mh 2336 / 1 Sk No 1 Sultanciftligi Gaziosmanpasa, Istanbul, Turkey
90-212-4759800
Charcoal
Comans Trading
Trading Company
3 / 26 Boat Harbour Drive, Pialba, Qld, Australia
61-7-41247555
Charcoal, Scrap Metal
Jl. Ks Tubun Kav 77, Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-21-53676205
Activated Carbon And Briquette Charcoal-Coconut Shell And Wood Base.
81 PRODUCTS CORP
Trading Company
Hamada Bldg 3F,#2-2-15,Dairi-Tonoue,Moji-Ku,, ; Kitakyushu,, Fukuoka, Japan
81-93-391-8462
Orbitread rubber, Wood charcoal, Briquette charcoal, Coco-shell charcoal
BIOCARBON TECH CO LTD
Manufacturer
D-blk,25-304, #604-1, Kuro-dong, Kuro-ku,, ; Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
82-2-20682216
Activated carbon, Charcoal, Plastic scrap, Mining, General trading
Glorifill Industries Limited
Distributor/Wholesaler
30 Igbehinadun, Ojodu, Lagos, Nigeria
234-01-8964225
Charcoal, Activated Carbon
NuCo Carbons
Manufacturer
Plot 9b2 / 2 Kiadb Industrial Area, Hirehalli, Tumkur, Karnataka, India
91--9901891324
Granules, Coconut Shell Charcoal
GM industries
Manufacturer
12, Kasthuribai 3rd Street, Ganapthy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
91-0422-2530562
Coconut Shell Charcoal 2x4), Coconut Shell Charcoal 3x6), Coconut Shell Charcoal 4x8)
Tiga Gateway Services
Trading Company
200, Jalan Sultan, Textile Centre, # 13-07, Singapore
65-6-2971084
Coconut Shell Charcoal
Po Box 1472, Wa, Wa, Australia
61-8-62014744
Activated Carbon, Turnkey Activated Carbon
8, Liberty Stadium Road, Oke-Ado, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
234-2-7522376
Charcoal
Pt. Sinar Xis
Manufacturer
Puri Industrial Park Blok E No. 2, Batam, Riau, Indonesia
62-778-7073317
Activated Carbon, Coconut Shell
PT. Polowijo Gosari
Manufacturer
Sedayu Kapok, Gresik, Propinsi Jawa Timur, Indonesia
62-31-5673500
Plant Seeds, Activated Carbon
Tanenergy Sdn Bhd
Manufacturer
Jln Tengku Badar, ; Port Klang, Selangor, Malaysia
60 12 3510499
Charcoal, Activated carbonm, White Charcoal, Binchotan, Mangrove, Tristania
PT. Danora Agro Prima
Manufacturer
Gedung Agnesia, Lt 5, R 507, Jalan Pemuda 73b, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-21-47882607
Charcoal, Briquettes, Liquid smoke
PT HANIN CARBON
Manufacturer
Penjernihan No. 31, Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-21-5722210
Activated carbon coal base, Wood base, Coconut base, Charcoal
Gondwana Soultions
Manufacturer
19, Williams Strett, Potchefstroom, Nw, South Africa
27-82-4443883
Crude Vegetable Oil, Biodiesel, Activated charcoal
ECO CAARB INC
Manufacturer
13a Jeba Malai Matha Kovil Stree, Kulavanigarpuram, Palayamkottai, Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India
91-462-2352004
Charcoal, Activated carbon, Granulated Charcoal
P. T Citra Tri Kencana
Manufacturer
Jl. P. Tubagus Angke Taman Duta Mas Blok C 1 A No.4, Jakarta, Jakarta Raya, Indonesia
62-21-5633677
STE TAL-BENIN SARL
Trading Company
14a Messebo, Cotonou, Atlantic, Benin
229-97-98-58-37
Charcoal, Kaolin, Bamboo
30, Kampung Baru,, Sg. Petani,, Kedah., Malaysia
60-4-4213437
Charcoal, Rubber Wood, MTK Lamination Board Glue
Bravo Green Sdn Bhd
Manufacturer
Lot 44&45, Kota Samarahan Industrial Estate, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
60-19-859 8528
Kattal Brahmana, Hiranagar, Jammu And Kashmir, India
91-01922-247366
6, Ogunubi Street Igando, Lagos. Nigeria., Lagos, Oyo, Nigeria
234--08024111826
Charcoal, Poly-ethene, Activated carbon
EXPANSIVE NETWORKS LIMITED
Trading Company
13 Idahosa Ojo Osagie Street, Aguda, Surulere, Lagos, Nigeria, Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
234-01-7203468
Charcoal, Shear butter
vanajaa enterprises
Manufacturer
26, Thilakar Street, R. S. Puram, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
91-0422-4370495
Coconut shell, Coal, Chemicals
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Manufacturer
Parenkina, ; Tyumen, Russian Federation
+7 3452 707025
Charcoal, Activated carbon, BBQ Briquettes
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